AlArabi Plastic Factory is proud to be the first plastic factory in Kuwait to manufacture biodegradable plastic bags and films using OXO-Biodegradable technology.
This technology was developed by WELLS Plastics Limited, the largest independent specialist additive masterbatch manufacturer in the UK, and tested by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR).
We partnered with these organizations to certify and improve our capabilities in producing biodegradable bags, as part of our commitment to reducing the harmful impact of plastic bags on the environment.
ReverteTM, the oxo-biodegradable additive supplied by Wells Plastics LTD, is a family of products that have been developed and are under constant evolution by Wells Plastics with over 39 years of research, development, production experience, and knowledge. We really know plastics and plastic processes.
The term ‘Oxo-biodegradability’ is a hybridisation of two words; oxidation and biodegradability. It defines clearly a two step process initiated in this case by the Wellsplastics additive (ReverteTM) degrading (breaking up) the polymer chain in order to make it available for biodegradability within the environment when a treated item has finished its useful life.
The oxidation phase reduces the polymer molecular weight and introduces oxygen into the structure. This process transforms the plastic from long strands to much smaller lengths. By reducing the chain length of the polymer the material loses its physical strength, making it brittle and non-plastic . The biodegradability aspect refers to the conversion of these lower molecular weight species by bacteria into biomass, CO2 and H2O.
Testing and product validation are critical aspects of supporting a biodegradable product. AlArabi Plastic Factory takes this responsibility very seriously.
In collaboration with the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR), we conduct degradability testing of plastic films under natural conditions using the International Standard for American Organizations for Testing Materials (ASTM) 6956 and the British Standards Institute (BSI) No. 8472:2011.
We also send samples to Wells Plastics' dedicated laboratory for quality control degradation profile testing to determine the suitability of a formulation for a given sample.
Because thousands of tons of plastic waste are getting into the environment every day, and will remain there for decades. There is nowhere in the world where it possible to collect every piece of plastic for recycling or any other form of responsible disposal. Oxo-Biodegradable Plastics has been specifically tested and found biodegradable in land & sea.
Oxo-biodegradable plastic is ordinary plastic to which a catalyst has been added during the manufacturing process. The resulting plastic is then made into products like shopping bags, roll films, and other short-life/single-use items. The big difference between oxo-biodegradable and ordinary plastic is that if oxo-biodegradable plastic escapes collection and ends up in the open environment as litter, it will degrade and biodegrade much more quickly than ordinary plastic.
Oxo-biodegradable plastic is the lowest cost alternative to ordinary plastics and are best suited to low value plastics which are either unsuitable or uneconomic for recycling. Accordingly this should not inhibit innovation for more expensive alternatives aimed at replacing higher value plastics.
There is a lot of confusion in the terminology relating to degradable plastics, and it is necessary to bring clarity to this area.
“Oxo-degradation” is defined by CEN (the European Standards authority) in TR15351 as “degradation identified as resulting from oxidative cleavage of macromolecules.” This describes ordinary plastics, which abiotically degrade in the open environment, but do not become biodegradable except over a very long period of time. “Oxo-biodegradation" is defined by CEN as “degradation resulting from oxidative and cell-mediated phenomena, either simultaneously or successively”. This describes OBP.
In the presence of sunlight, the catalyst accelerates the natural oxidation process and reduces the molecular weight of the polymer at a much faster rate, to the point where it is no longer a plastic and can be bio-assimilated by bacteria and fungi in the natural environment. The process continues until the material has biodegraded to nothing more than CO2, water, and biomass. It does not leave fragments of petro-polymers in the soil, and it does not contain heavy metals. It is tested according to US Standard ASTM D6954 & British BS 8472:2011 by independent laboratories for degradation, biodegradation, non-toxicity and absence of metals in excess of the limits prescribed by Art 11 of the EU Packaging Waste Directive.
Oxo-biodegradable plastic does just what it says, the clue is in the name – It is called oxo-biodegradable plastic because it is biodegradable.
Oxo-biodegradable plastic degrades, and then biodegrades in the open environment in the same way as nature’s wastes. If oxo-biodegradable plastic merely fragmented without biodegrading, CEN (European Committee for Standardization) would not have defined oxo-biodegradability as “degradation resulting from oxidative and cell-mediated phenomena, either simultaneously or successively” and the American, British standards organisation's would not have included tests for biodegradability in ASTM D6954, BS8472.
Yes, but if the plastic is not collected it cannot of course be recycled, so it needs to degrade instead of accumulating in the environment. However, one of the benefits of oxo-biodegradable plastic is that it can be recycled as part of a normal plastic waste stream.
Yes! There are no heavy metals used in oxo-biodegradable by ReverteTM technology, this has been independently certified.
Yes! ReverteTM was formulated with the reduction of litter in mind, the material commences breakdown once film is discarded into the environment and rapidly fragments into biodigestable constituents. At this point the material is no longer a littering hazard. Then if in a suitable environment the material will biodegrade to leave water, biomass and CO2.
Very little, because the additive represents only 1% of the polymer, and because oxo-biodegradable products can be made with the same machines and workforce as ordinary plastic.
AlArabi Plastic Factory
المصنع العربي للبلاستيك AlArabi Plastic Factory, 103 St, Kuwait
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